Common threats to marine habitats and resources in the areas we work include overfishing, destructive fishing (use of dynamite and poisons), sedimentation and pollution from development or industrial activities on land, physical damage from anchors and trampling by tourists and fishers, and coral extraction for building materials and souvenirs.
Establishment of an LMMA enables communities to make decisions on which fishing methods and other activities can or cannot be carried out in their waters. Typically, a community also designates a portion of their marine area as a no-take zone where no fishing is allowed, providing additional protection and an increase of marine life in many cases.
Top Reasons for Using an LMMA Approach
- Improved habitat quality (coral cover, seagrass, mangroves)
- Increased fish population, reproduction and biomass
- Enhanced local capacity to manage their resources
- Increased environmental stewardship and community cohesion
- Increased income from marine resources