Textile work in Madang, Papua New Guinea depicts traditional fishing practices. Photo: Daisy Flores-Salgado

Pacific island communities have long practiced traditional management systems such as seasonal bans and temporary no-take areas that can be adapted for modern use. The peoples throughout the Pacific Islands used customary practices of marine protection in line with traditional spiritual beliefs in order to counter marine resource depletions.

Most Pacific islands still have some form of community marine tenure either legally enshrined or informally recognized. Such systems help ensure that benefits from marine conservation efforts accrue to the local community. Today, many Pacific Islands people still practice these traditions despite the presence of Western influences.

In using an LMMA approach, some coastal communities are reviving methods that have been used traditionally as part of their culture for many generations, sometimes blending them with modern techniques for best results. Different countries have different traditions for such marine protection.